Effects of water glass, silane and DMDHEU treatment on the colonisation of wood by sapstaining fungi
Author : Antje Gellerich
Publisher : Cuvillier Verlag
Total Pages : 146
Release : 2011-03-30
ISBN 10 : 9783736937086
ISBN 13 : 3736937083
Language : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The objective of this study was the investigation of the resistance of modified wood against sapstaining fungi and the investigation of the influences of fungal growth. Specimens of Scots pine sapwood (Pinus sylvestris L.) and Beech wood (Fagus sylvatica L.) were investigated after being treated with an amino-alkylfunctional oligomeric siloxane, a sodium water glass solution and 1,3-dimethylol- 4,5-dihydroxyethylene urea (DMDHEU). The following is a structured outline of this study: Laboratory tests for the resistance against the blue stain fungus Aureobasidium pullulans The objective was to develop a laboratory test method against blue stain for modified wood as well as the determination of the resistance against blue stain. After definition of a suitable test method, the laboratory tests displayed an improved resistance against blue stain for all tested modified wood specimens. Regardless of the wood species, the fungal infestation was reduced but not inhibited. Among the treated specimens, the water glass treated specimens showed the lowest, the siloxane treated specimens the highest infestation respectively. Field tests for the determination of the resistance against sapstaining fungi The fungal infestation was investigated during outside exposure of the specimens. The infestation of the modified specimens was decelerated. The specimens were infested mainly by ascomycetes and deuteromycetes which are ubiquitary. The fungal composition displayed only marginal differences compared to untreated wood. The most dominant fungi which were detected were Trichoderma sp. and Epicoccum sp. irrespective of wood species and modification type. Investigation of the influence factors of fungal development Wood moisture content: The results displayed a reduced equilibrium moisture content (EMC) for DMDHEU treated wood compared to the untreated controls. The water glass treatment caused an increase of EMC, which was in the range of the untreated controls after a leaching procedure. The siloxane treatment did not cause significant changes in EMC compared to untreated controls. Available simple sugars: A reduction of fungal growth caused by a reduced amount of available simple sugars and their composition was detected for water glass treated specimens only. Lignin degradation: The lignin degradation during outside exposure, investigated by FTIR-spectroscopy, did not show a reduction in modified wood specimens, regardless of wood species and modification type. Penetration of fungal hyphae: Macroscopic and microscopic investigations revealed a reduced radial penetration of fungal hyphae in DMDHEU treated wood. A siloxane and water glass treatment inhibited the radial penetration into the wood tissue. In this case, fungal growth was visible on the specimen surface only. Summarising, the results revealed that the influences of fungal growth were dependent on the type of modification and independent of the wood species. The reduction of fungal infestation on water glass treated specimens was mainly influenced by the pronounced alkaline pH-value and a reduced content of free available simple sugars. The fungal growth on DMDHEU and siloxane treated wood was largely influenced by changes in wood moisture content.

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